The FDA is giving manufacturers one year to prove their products work as advertised or stop selling them.
The active ingredients in these soaps, Triclosan, is regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency as a pesticide.
Some experts believe the risks posed by consumer antibacterial soaps may actually outweigh the benefits.
"There is some thought that these antibacterial materials actually create some resistance in the bacteria," says Dr. William Schaffner of Vanderbilt University Medical Center.
Manufacturers say they've already given the FDA plenty of evidence that shows antibacterial soaps work.
"We believe the evidence has been clear for decades," says Brian Sansoni of the American Cleaning Institute.
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