The modified saying Music soothes the savage beast may have new applications in the modern world of medicine. New research suggests that music may help some children experience less discomfort when dealing with low level or moderate pain.
Many adults and kids have switched to diet drinks to help reduce their calorie intake. In fact, children who drink sugar-free beverages have doubled in the past 10 years according to a study released in 2012.
Our typical sizzling summer has officially begun and temperatures are rising across the nation. My thermostat isn't reading as hot as some places like southern California (currently 114 degrees), but it's still pretty toasty outside.
Parents are able to boost their kids' brain power even in their first year of life. In a study of six-year-olds, children breastfed regularly as infants scored 5% higher on IQ tests than those who were not. We have three other steps parents can take to raise smarter kids.
Kids get runny noses. But is it caused by allergies, a simple cold or something more serious like a sinus infection? If your child has a history of sinus infections, a new review of clinical guidelines may be just what the doctor ordered.
Kids and water: They may not want to drink a lot of it, but they sure love to play in it. Now that the magical season of summer is almost here, there will be a lot of children doing just that. While you may think you already know everything there is to know on water safety, its still a good idea for parents, guardians and babysitters to freshen-up on ways to help keep kids safe when around or in water.
The good news, according to a study published by the Bloomberg School of Public Health at John Hopkins University in 2012, is that more parents ARE paying attention to water safety. Children dying from drowning"related incidents have declined dramatically since the early 1990s.
Unfortunately, more than 1,000 U.S. children still die from drowning and another 5,000 are injured every year. Dying from drowning isnt the only serious outcome that can occur. Nonfatal drowning can also result in brain damage and long-term disability.
Children less than 4 years old are most likely to die in drowning incidents, usually in bathtubs or after falling into water. Older children are more likely to drown while swimming, according to research cited in the study, with the risk rising in warmer regions of the South and West that have longer swimming seasons.
Lets review a few water safety tips, provided by kidshealth.org, and USA Today News that may help your little one from becoming one of the heart-breaking statistics listed above.
Supervision: The number one rule for water safety and children is that an adult, preferably one who knows CPR, is overseeing any child or group of children in water - whether the water is in a bathtub, a wading pool, an ornamental fish pond, a swimming pool, a spa, the beach, or a lake. If you dont know how to swim, learn. A parent or guardian who can actually enter the water and retrieve a child is able to respond faster, when a child is in trouble, than someone who has t
Time and time again headlines declare that vegetables are absolutely necessary to a healthy lifestyle. As parents, we get it. But what if your little one doesn't like broccoli, green beans, squash, cucumbers, carrots, beets -ok, I'll pass on that one too- corn, cauliflower, spinach or tomatoes? What if every time you attempt to smuggle a vegetable into your child's meal world war three breaks out?
Well...there may be hope. Try a little dip (and tenderness). According to a small but optimistic study, kids that don't normally like veggies messing up their perfectly good meal, will reevaluate that outlook and give vegetables a taste if they are presented with a bit of flavored dip.
The fact that the dip used during the study was low in fat, calories and sodium didn't seem to matter.
The study was conducted at the Center for Childhood Obesity Research at Pennsylvania State University.
Thirty-four preschoolers were asked to do a taste test of vegetables with and without the low-fat dip.
Not surprisingly, the kids liked the veggies better when they were served with dip. When the dip was flavored, kids liked the vegetables even more compared to plain dip or no dip at all.
What I find amazing is that thirty one percent of the little tykes liked the vegetables as is nothing added. When the researchers added the dip though, a whopping sixty-four percent were thumbs up on the vegetables. There were of course, those children who wouldn't budge even while others were smiling, dipping and exclaiming how tasty cauliflower can actually be. Six percent said no thanks to the dip and the vegetables while eighteen percent said absolutely no to the vegetables with no dip.
To see just how far kids were willing to go with the veggie and dip combo researchers did another study. This time they offered 27 preschoolers celery or squash both notorious for being leaders in a preschooler's yuck category. The kids basically picked at the
You can count on it. As spring turns to summer and temperatures outside start climbing, a child will die after being left in a hot car.
It happened recently in Dallas. A mother arrived at work, parked her car, grabbed her purse, locked the car and went into her workplace. She didn't see her baby asleep in the backseat.
When officers arrived about 6 hours later, they said she seemed truly surprised when they confronted her. She asked if her husband was ok or if something had happened to her baby at daycare. She was sure she had delivered her baby to daycare that morning up until the moment she was told her baby had died in her car.
Variations of this story play out across the country every year and children die because they are either intentionally or accidently left in a hot car.
Many people are shocked when they hear or read about something like this happening especially when a parent or caregiver simply forgot the child was with them or thought they had left the child with someone else. They wonder how could that possibly happen?
While there is no excuse for negligence, experts say that parents who are otherwise loving and attentive to their kids can forget that their child is in the car when they are super-focused on getting somewhere, distracted while driving, under tremendous strain or when taking their child to daycare is not part of their daily routine.
Another factor that may contribute to a parent's forgetfulness is rear-facing car seats. Originally intended to save lives, when the car seat is placed behind the drivers seat a parent may miss the visual cue of a child when glancing in the rear-view mirror. Children are usually pretty noisy when they are in the car, unless they fall asleep. The silence doesnt offer the sound cue that someone else is in the car.
Then there are the parents or caregivers who deliberately leave their child in the car when they run an errand. They often think that its easier and faster
MDA needs male counselors to step up to help make camp happen for kids this summer.
Before it has a chance to fly off the shelves, Wrigley has decided to stop production, sales and marketing of their new caffeinated gum. The company's decision comes after meetings with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The government agency shared its concerns about the possible effects of caffeinated gum on children and adolescents.
Alert Energy Caffeine Gum was introduced into the marketplace less than a month ago. One piece contains 40 milligrams of caffeine, about the same amount that's typically in a half-cup of coffee.
The gum was available in 2 flavors: mint and fruit. Once someone starts chewing the gum, caffeine is released into the saliva. Some of it is swallowed and some goes directly into the bloodstream through the cheeks or from under the tongue.
"The FDA applauds Wrigley's decision and its recognition that we need to improve understanding and, as needed, strengthen the regulatory framework governing the appropriate levels and uses of caffeine in foods and beverages," said Michael Taylor, deputy commissioner for foods and veterinary medicine. "The company's action demonstrates real leadership and commitment to the public health. We hope others in the food industry will exercise similar restraint."
Wrigley released its own statement about why they made their decision.
"When Wrigley launched Alert Energy Caffeine Gum, we took great strides to ensure that the product was formulated, distributed and marketed in a safe and responsible way to consumers 25 years old and over," Wrigley President Casey Keller said. "After discussions with the FDA, we have a greater appreciation for its concern about the proliferation of caffeine in the nation's food supply. There is a need for changes in the regulatory framework to better guide the consumers and the industry about the appropriate level and use of caffeinated products."
Caffeine seems to be the new marketing chemical of choice for just about anything you can p
You've probably had this experience before, I know I have. You decide it's a great night for eating out and choose a popular restaurant to go to. Or, perhaps it's a special night for you and your spouse and youve dressed up and are looking forward to going to your favorite eating establishment to spend a little quality time together. Once there, you're having a wonderful conversation and waiting on your dinner to arrive.
A family with small children arrives and is seated in the booth behind yours. You don't think much about it until suddenly a volcano of chaos erupts. You are now faced with a child (or children) who is screaming, kicking the back of the booth, jumping up and down, running around the restaurant tables, tossing food and has picked this moment for a category-5 meltdown.
Meanwhile the parents continue having their conversation, oblivious to the fact that their child is ruining everyone else's dining experience.
Sound somewhat familiar? Of course, this doesn't only happen in restaurants but also in stores, movie theaters and other places where people have to share space with one another.
I use the term parents only as an example. You can substitute grandparents, guardians, friends whoever should be in charge.
Let's face it, this can be a touchy topic. Many parents become quite defensive when this subject comes up and people who've had their dining experience interrupted by an out of control child can get very upset.
It's become such a problem for customers that some restaurants won't serve families with kids under 6.
A lot of parents get this. They don't want their kids acting up or causing anyone discomfort. But they also want to be able to eat out with their kids every once in a while.
So what is a parent to do?
Good behavior begins at home and teaching children table manners and social etiquette when they are small helps them learn self-control even in stimulating en
This is one of those health concerns you heard a lot about in the 70s and 80s when the government began to take an active role in reducing the amount of lead in our everyday environment.
As long ago as 1904, child lead poisoning was linked to lead-based paints, but it wasnt until 1971 that the Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention Act was passed. Finally in 1978, lead-based paint was banned. The inside and outside of homes built before then most likely were painted with a lead based paint. Since lead is slightly sweet to the taste children are tempted to put fallen paint chips, or peeled chips, into their mouths.
Lead was also an additive used in gasoline till 1986 when it was phased out of production. Tons of lead was released into the atmosphere and eventually found its way into the dirt of playgrounds, and yards.
The banning of lead in these two areas alone has dramatically reduced the number of American children with elevated blood lead levels. Thats extremely good news because lead poisoning can have terrible consequences for children and adults.
But, despite the progress that has been made in the last four decades, about 2.6% of U.S. children aged 1 to 5 years old still have too much lead in their systems, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Surveys conducted between 2007 and 2010 show that more than half a million children had blood lead levels equal to or above the recommended 5 micrograms per deciliter (mg/dl). A level at, or higher than 5 mcg/dl, is considered a level of concern by the CDC.
Children can be exposed to lead by inhaling it, swallowing it or in rare cases absorbing it through the skin. In the bloodstream it can damage red blood cells, limiting their ability to carry oxygen to the organs and tissues that need it. Lead can end up in the bones and interfere with calcium absorption. It can severely affect mental and physical development and at very
If a child is diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), will he or she eventually outgrow it or continue with the condition into adulthood?
A new study shows that nearly 30% will continue to struggle with ADHD, and may develop other mental health issues.
"We suffer from the misconception that ADHD is just an annoying childhood disorder thats over treated," researcher William Barbaresi, MD, of Boston Childrens Hospital, says in a prepared statement. "This couldnt be further from the truth. We need to have a chronic-disease approach to ADHD as we do for diabetes. The system of care has to be designed for the long haul."
The study included 5,700 adults. Two groups were created: one group had been diagnosed during childhood with ADHD, and the other group grew up without ADHD.
Out of 367 participants who had childhood ADHD, 232 were followed into adulthood. At age 27, nearly 30% had adult ADHD.
Researchers also found that nearly 57% of the adults with childhood ADHD had at least one other mental health issue. 35% of the adults without childhood ADHD also had one or more mental health issues.
Substance abuse or dependence (26%), antisocial personality disorder (17%), other substance abuse/dependence (16%), hypomanic episodes (15%), anxiety disorder (14%) and major depression (13%) were the most common mental health issues experienced by adults diagnosed with childhood ADHD.
The researchers noted that death from suicide was nearly five times higher in this group.
Among all 367 adults with childhood ADHD, seven (1.9%) had died, three of them from suicide. Of 4,946 people without ADHD, only 37 (0.7%) had died, five by suicide.
Ten people whod had childhood ADHD (2.7%) were in jail at the time of recruitment for the study.
This study "speaks to the need to greatly improve the long-term treatment of children with ADHD and provide a mechanism for treating them as adults," r
I dont think this will come as a huge surprise to some people but many restaurant meals designed especially for kids contain way too much salt, calories and fat. What is surprising is how loaded some of these menu items really are. No caring parent wants their child to eat unhealthy foods and probably believe that a kids menu item is going to be a reasonable amount of calories and sodium. How bad can such a smaller meal be?
According to a study by the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI), pretty bad.
The CSPI has long monitored the publics nutritional interest. They campaigned to bar sodium nitrates in bacon and other cured meats, pushed for sodium levels to be added to all food labels, obtained funding for more government food inspectors and prompted Congress to pass a law requiring notification of the presence of food allergens such as peanuts, wheat and milk on food labels to name just a few.
Now theyve turned to restaurant kids menu items. The group found that among almost 3,500 combinations surveyed, kids meals failed to meet nutritional standards 97% of the time. Thats actually an improvement though over 2008 - when meals failed to meet standards 99% of the time. Not much of a change in 5 years.
What were some of the restaurants surveyed? Popular chains such as Chipotle Mexican Grill, Dairy Queen, Hardee's, McDonald's, Panda Express, Perkins Family Restaurants and Popeyes.
Every kids meal fell-short of nutritional recommendations adopted by the center from the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
They also didnt meet the standards set by the National Restaurant Association's Kids LiveWell Program, said the CSPI, which titled its study, "Kids' Meals: Obesity on the Menu."
"Most chains seem stuck in a time warp, serving up the same old meals based on chicken nuggets, burgers, macaroni and cheese, fries, and soda," said Margo Wootan, CSPI nutrition policy director. "It's like the restaurant industry didn
A new free program is helping kids cut the fat!
Most small children who are poisoned by an adults prescription medication do not get it from a secured cabinet but rather from a purse, countertop, sofa cushion, floor or other easy-to-see place in the house.
The medications that are dangerous enough to send a child to the emergency room usually belong to a mother or grandparent according to a report released by the non-profit group Safe Kids Worldwide, based in Washington D.C.
Kids "are getting medications from Mom's purse and Grandma's pillbox," says Rennie Ferguson, a researcher for Safe Kids.
Ferguson examined 2,315 emergency department records on children 4 years old and under that were compiled by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) in 2011.
67,000 children visited emergency departments in 2011 after accidental exposure to one or more medications.
The report notes that such cases have grown by 30% in the last decade amid a growing number of prescription and non-prescription medicines in the home. While ER cases dropped slightly between 2010-2011, the difference was not statistcally significant.
Where are children finding unsecured medicines? When examining the cases, the researchers noted that when a source was recorded:
- 27% came from the floor or had been otherwise misplaced.
- 20% came from a purse, bag or wallet.
- 20% had been left out on counters, dressers, tables or nightstands.
- 15% came from a pillbox or bag of pills.
- 6% came from a cabinet or drawer.
- 12% came from other places.
The medications belonged to adults in 86% of cases, the report adds. Moms (31%) and grandparents (38%) were the most common sources.
Because small children tend to put anything and everything in the
Being physically active used to easier before the world of cable TV, video games and computers. Now a-days, many families have a more sedentary lifestyle and a lot more health-related problems, such as diabetes, high blood pressure and depression. Childhood obesity is now epidemic and more than a third of American adults are clinically obese.
So, what can families do to counteract these problems? One is to change the family diet to include healthier foods and fewer fast food meals. Two is to exercise as a family. Theres lots of ways to include physical activity in your daily living and to add new routines that you and your kids can depend on to keep everyone moving.
How many times have you told your child Good Boy! or Good Girl! I know I did hundreds of times. It was a mommy reaction to my child's attempt at accomplishment. Hit the ball during a softball game? Good Girl! Create an amazing science project? Good Boy! It was an easy compliment that rolled right off the tongue.
According to a new study, I could have done a little better if I'd praised the actual action instead of just the child. Researchers at the University of Chicago and Stanford University studied the mother-child interactions over several years and discovered that the type of praise you give your child affects their attitudes towards meeting challenges in the future.
Specifically, praise with feedback about the child's behavior and the choices he or she made helped them cope better with difficult experiences five years later, compared with praise focused solely on the child.
This is something we suspected would be the case based on a lot of experimental research, and it's exciting to see it play out in the real world, says Elizabeth Gunderson, an assistant professor of psychology at Temple University, in Philadelphia, who led the study while at the University of Chicago. Praising the efforts, actions and work of the kid is going to be more beneficial in their long-term persistence and [desire] to be challenged and work hard in the future.
Instead of just saying good boy or girl, you might say something like you really worked hard at learning how to hit that ball, or that was a very creative choice for a science project. I like how you built it. This kind of process praise focuses on the child's accomplishment and effort instead of person praise that focuses on the child's natural qualities.
While the difference may seem small, psychologists have made the distinction for years,. However, they haven't known exactly how these two types of praise affect the child's future development.
In two parent homes, many families are finding it impossible to financially survive without both parents working full time jobs. There are also households where both parents prefer to work and they, just like those parents that have to have two incomes, are looking for ways to find a balance between career and home. Not only are both parents working but also in many cases they are putting in longer hours than just a decade ago.
Longer hours at work means fewer hours with the family and even less time to take care of themselves. For many parents, it's become a frustrating and stressful cycle of never getting everything done but trying none-the-less.
Between tending to family responsibilities and careers, mom & dad are exhausted. Why? They love their kids and they love each other, but between cleaning the house, trying to prepare healthy meals, tending to daycare or school activities, dealing with work obligations (add worrying whether they may be laid off) and many are also taking care of elderly parents. It's not surprising when both working parents become overwhelmed, stressed out, sick, and feel that life is out of control and will remain that way. The thought of actually being able to find some sort of balance seems unreachable.
But it's not. Really.
Finding a healthy balance between work and home, however, does require willingness to re-organize priorities and perhaps change some expectations.
Be realistic about what you can accomplish. This is where changing expectations plays a role. Way too often people are multi-tasking to try and get everything done. While they may accomplish some of what they are doing, typically they are more scattered at the end of a project than when they began. Multi-tasking is the scourge of our society. While it's often expected at work, since fewer people are doing more, multi-tasking keeps you from being able to focus and complete one project well (at home or at work.) If you're required t
For the first time ever, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued guidelines for the management of Type 2 diabetes. Until now type 2 diabetes has been considered an adult onset disease, but pediatricians are seeing more and more children either pre-diabetic or fully engaged in Type 2. Many physicians believe that the increase in type 2 diabetes is directly related to the rise in childhood obesity.
Type 1diabetes is a chronic condition that is also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes. It is often a genetic disease or can be caused by certain viruses. With type 1 diabetes, the pancreas produces little or no insulin. It is not curable but can be managed.
Type 2 diabetes is much more common and is rising rapidly among children and teens. It now accounts for up to one in three new cases between the ages of 10 and 18.
Why has the AAP decided guidelines are now needed? Because type 2 diabetes was once considered an adult disease- not a childhood disease.
"Few providers have been trained in managing type 2 diabetes in children and, to date, few medications have been evaluated for safety and [effectiveness] in children," says co-author Janet Silverstein, MD, professor of pediatrics at the University of Florida and chief of endocrinology at Shands Hospital in Gainesville.
"This is a real issue in the pediatric population. It's something that many of us as pediatricians didn't grow up with because we just didn't see it very often," she says.
Proper diagnosis is paramount to the recommended guidelines. Type 1 or type 2 diabetes diagnoses are not always clear-cut and can take time for an accurate diagnosis.
The guidelines recommend giving insulin to patients if it's not clear whether they have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. If type 2 diabetes is confirmed, lifestyle changes along with the medication metformin are recommended. Metformin and insulin are the only two blood sugar-lowering medicati