I hear it just about everywhere I go. People telling me that either they've just got over a bad cold or their child has. Most parents I know pick up a cold from their child who brings it home after catching it from another child at school. That's how these things go, you have it, I have it, we all have it. And yes, I just got over a bad cold.
One of the ways you can help your child recover a little faster from a cold is to make sure he or she has plenty of fluids. Fluids can prevent dehydration and thin mucus, helping to unclog a stuffy nose.
What fluids will help? Good choices are:
- Water. Water is the easiest fluid to offer a sick child. Bottled or tap water is fine.
- Fruit juices. Fruit juice is also a good choice when your child isn't feeling well, but remember that some juices can be too acidic on an upset tummy and a little harsh on a sore throat. It's probably best to hold off on citric juices like orange and pineapple till your little one is well. Apple or grape juice may be more soothing. If your child is dehydrated, get an oral rehydration solution like Pedialyte or Infalyte instead. Fruit juice doesn't have the right mix of sugar and salts to treat dehydration.
- Decaffeinated tea. Tea is a good choice when your child has a sore throat. A warm cup of tea with a little honey is comforting to a sore throat and can help ease coughing. If you add honey make sure that your child is over 1 year old.
- Milk. Many people believe that milk can sour the stomach when youre sick. Not true. Milk does not cause a sour stomach or mucus build-up. In fact, the protein, calories, and fat in milk can help keep up your sick child's strength.
Are there fluids your child should avoid? Caffeinated drinks never good
Most people probably associate post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with men and women who have been in battle during war or experienced a traumatic life-changing event such as 9-11.
A new study says that children who are victims of bullying can also suffer from PTSD and the effects can last into adulthood. The study, published by Thormod Idsoe, Atle Dyregrov, and Ella Cosmovici Idsoe, found that about 33 % of bullying victims suffer from PTSD. In addition, 40 to 60 % of adults who have been bullying victims suffer from high levels of the signs of PTSD as well.
PTSD can have a very disruptive effect on ones daily living. PTSD is a mental health disorder defined by nightmares, severe anxiety, flashbacks, uncontrollable thoughts about the event, and avoidance behavior.
"Pupils who are constantly plagued by thoughts about or images of painful experiences, and who use much energy to suppress them, will clearly have less capacity to concentrate on schoolwork," Idsoe said in a statement. "Nor is this usually easy to observe - they often suffer in silence."
Researchers at the University of Stavanger, in Norway, analyzed data from 963 students who were 14-15 years old. While boys were more likely to report they were being bullied, they found that girls were more likely to display PTSD symptoms.
Of the students who reported being bullied, 27.6% of boys and 40.5 % of girls had symptoms of PTSD. Researchers were not sure why some bullied children suffered from PTSD and some did not. "We...found that those with the worst symptoms were a small group of pupils who, in addition to being victims of bullying, frequently bullied fellow pupils themselves," Idsoe said. "One explanation, for example, could be that difficult earlier experiences make the sufferers more vulnerable, and they thereby develop symptoms and mental health problems more easily."
What are some of the symptoms of PTSD?
Like many adults, kids tend to be more generous when someone else is aware of their actions. A new study from Yale University says age isn't really a factor when it comes to giving.
Previous research with adults has shown that they are more likely to act in ways that will benefit their reputation if they know someone else is aware of their actions. If they know that their actions are going to be made public, they also tend to be more generous compared to when they are giving anonymously.
Research on children has been rather scant in relation to this topic. The researchers at Yale University decided to see if young children were as inclined to be more generous when they knew their actions were being watched as adults.
According to the results of the study, scientists have concluded that children view generosity pretty much as adults do.
Researchers gave stickers to 5-year-old children who had the option of sharing one or four of the stickers with another child of the same age. The children were more generous when they could see the recipient than when the recipient was hidden. They were also more generous when they had to give the stickers in a transparent container rather than in one where the stickers could not be seen. No matter how many stickers the children were allowed to keep for themselves, the results were the same when they were ask to give others stickers. If they could see who was getting the stickers they gave more. If the amount of stickers they were giving, could be seen by others they gave more. If not- they gave less.
The scientists deduced from these results that children as young as five years of age are able to make strategic decisions about whether to be generous or not if no one sees their gift.
"Although the frequency with which children acted antisocially is striking, the conditions under which they chose to act generously are even more interesting and suggest that children
Nesquik, a popular chocolate powder, has been voluntarily recalled by its maker Nestle USA because of possible salmonella risk.
The company said that the recalled Nesquik canisters are the 10.9, 21.8 and 40.7-ounce sizes. The products were produced in early October and sold at retailers around the country.
Nestle says it is issuing the recall after its ingredient supplier, Omaya Inc., decided to recall some of the calcium carbonate used in the product due to possible Salmonella contamination. So far there have been no reported illnesses reported.
The affected products have a "Best if sold by" date of October 2014.The recall includes the following products and unit production codes, which are located on the bottom of the canister.
-40.7 ounce powder with UPC 0 28000 68230 9 2282574810 2282574820
-21.8 ounce powder with UPC 0 28000 68090 9 2278574810 2278574820 2279574810 2279574820 2284574820 2284574830 2285574810 2285574820 2287574820 2289574810 2289574820
-10.9 ounce powder with UPC 0 28000 67990 3 2278574810
No other varieties of Nesquik powder are being recalled.
Consumers who have bought the any of the products listed above should not use them and can return them for a refund. You can also contact Nestle Consumer Services if you have any questions at (800) 628-7679.
Salmonella recalls are not uncommon in the food industry. Most recently a salmonella outbreak at the country's largest organic peanut processing plant lead to a major recall of peanut butter and other nut products over the past two months.
The most common symptoms of Salmonella infection are diarrhea, abdominal cramps and fever, which develop within eight to 72 hours of eating or drinking contaminated food. The illness usually lasts for four to seven days and most people recover without treatment. However, salmonellosis can be severe or even life threatening for infants, older people, pregnant women and those with w
I first heard about the drug, ivermectin, as a paste wormer for horses. It kills parasites. I then discovered that oral ivermectin has been used for some time, as a last resort when over the counter and prescription head lice shampoos have not been effective. A new study suggests that ivermectin lotion may be the answer parents have been searching for when it comes to controlling head lice.
Researchers said that a single 10-minute hair application eliminated head lice in nearly 3 out of 4 children. The lotion is sold under the brand name Sklice by Sanofi Pasteur, which paid for the study.
Using a lotion with 0.5 percent ivermectin, the researchers found that after 14 days it had worked in 73.8 percent of 141 volunteers - most of whom were children younger than 12. In comparison, 17.6 percent of the 148 kids (and a handful of adults) whose hair was treated with a drug-free form of the lotion were louse-free after two weeks.
Lotions were applied to dry hair and then rinsed out after 10 minutes. The immediate success rate, judged the day after the lotion application, was 94.9 percent in the test group and 31.5 percent in the control group.
"The advantage of it is, it's a one-application, one-shot treatment," lead author Dr. David Pariser of Eastern Virginia Medical School, in Norfolk, told Reuters Health.
The study involved children from 11 states and did not compare the ivermectin to any other treatment. But in a previous study where ivermectin was tested against other drugs, Pariser and his colleagues note that ivermectin showed a similar one-day success rate of 92.4 percent while malathion, an insecticide sometimes used to treat lice, cleared 82.4 percent of patients after one day.
The FDA approved Sklice, in February 2012, for topical treatment of head lice in patients 6 months or older. The lotion is only available by prescription. On the website, sklice.com, common side effects are listed as eye redness
For years scientific studies have indicated that girls are entering puberty at a younger age. Now a new study, focused on boys, says they too are starting puberty up to 2 years earlier than the average age.
The study was conducted by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP.) It involved more than 4,100 boys, aged 6 to 16, in 41 states. Pediatricians were recruited to participate in the study and reported their findings to the research network. Half of the boys were white, and the rest were evenly divided among African-American and Hispanic boys. The pediatrician visits took place between 2005 and 2010.
What the researchers found was that the white boys started puberty at age 10, a full year and a half earlier than what has been considered the normal average. The African-American boys started puberty at about 9 years of age, about 2 years earlier than the average. The Hispanic boys were about 10 years old -the average age for boys of Mexican American heritage. The new study also included boys from other Hispanic backgrounds.
Puberty development was measured by examining the size of the boys testes and the start of pubic hair growth. Testes enlargement was seen at age 6 in nine-percent of white boys, almost 20 percent in African-American boys, and seven-percent in Hispanic boys.
Pubic hair growth started about a year later than testicle enlargement in all groups. That's about the normal time pubic hair growth begins, but it began at an earlier age in conjunction with the testes growth.
So what does this mean for young boys?
"If it's true that boys are starting puberty younger, it's not clear that means anything negative or has any implications for long-term," said Adelman, a member of the American Academy of Pediatrics' committee on adolescence. But it might be advantageous for parents to talk their young boys sooner about the birds and bees. Children this young are not always prepared for the
I just like the sound of this; a mother's kiss can dislodge a foreign object in her kid's nose. It doesn't quite have that warm and fuzzy feeling of there's nothing sweeter than a mother's kiss, but it got my attention.
So, you're probably wondering, What the heck does a mother's kiss have to do with anything stuck up a child's nose?
New research suggests that an old home remedy known as the mother's kiss is reliable when it comes to removing a foreign object in a child's nose. A mother's kiss was first described in the mid-60s and here's how it works.
1) The parent or caretaker places their mouth over their child's mouth while holding the clear nostril closed with one finger.
2) The parent or caretaker blows into the child's mouth.
3) The breath forces the object out of the blocked nostril.
That's the goal anyway. Sometimes it works and sometimes it doesn't but apparently most of the time it does.
The new study analyzed results from eight published reports where caregivers used the mother's kiss on children aged 1 to 8. All in all, the technique was effective with no complications. The success rate approached 60%. The findings appear in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.
Children often put things up their nose, in their mouths, in their ears- anywhere there is an opening. Nina Shapiro, MD, of Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA in Los Angeles says the mother's kiss can work. It is more important that there were no adverse events such as bleeding or pushing the object further up the nostril. According to the findings of this study, the worst thing that can happen is that it doesn't work.
Other physician's say parents and caregivers should use caution when trying this old-fashion technique. Robert Glatter, MD, an emergency room doctor at Lenox Hill Hospital, in New York City says you shouldn't try the mother's ki
Nearly 7 million children in the United States suffer with asthma. While allergies and asthma are two different conditions, allergies often trigger asthma. Allergy shots can be very helpful in managing asthma and allergies, but usually require a 3 to 5 year commitment.
Polish researchers now say long-term control of allergic asthma can occur after only three years of allergy shots, instead of the currently recommended five years.
Dr. Iwona Stelmach of the Medical University of Lodz in Poland and colleagues said immunotherapy, or allergy shots, can alter the progression of allergic disease. Treatment, Stelmach said, alleviates patients of symptoms, while preventing asthma and the development of other allergies.
"The recommended duration of immunotherapy for long-term effectiveness has been three to five years," Stelmach, the study's lead author, said in a statement. "Our research shows that three years is an adequate duration for the treatment of childhood asthma associated with house dust mites. An additional two years adds no clinical benefit."
Dr. James Sublett, an allergist who is chairman of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology's Indoor Environment Committee, said not only does the shorter period of shots provide long-term therapeutic benefits for both children and adults, it can reduce total healthcare costs by 33 percent to 41 percent.
"It has long been observed that the effectiveness of allergy shots continue long after treatment has been completed," Sublett said. "
The Polish study was published in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology.
Allergy-shots help build the immune system to fight specific allergens.
Some of the most common allergens are dust mites, pet dander, pollen, molds and cockroaches. Certain foods can also cause an allergic reaction as well as insect stings, medicines and chemicals.
The shots contain a purified form of the allergens t
A recent recall for peanut butter manufactured by Sunland Inc., and sold at Trader Joe's, has expanded its list of grocery stores and nuts and butters. The peanut butter originally recalled isTrader Joe's Creamy Salted Peanut Butter.
Sunland Inc. has widened its recall of peanut butter and almond butter to include cashew butters, tahini and blanched and roasted peanut products. The company, which sells its nuts and nut butters to large groceries and other food distributors around the country, recalled products under multiple brand names last month after salmonella illnesses were linked to Trader Joe's Creamy Salted Valencia Peanut Butter, one of the brands it manufactures.
In addition to Trader Joe's, the recall includes some nut butters and nut products sold at Whole Foods Market, Target, Safeway, Fresh & Easy, Harry and David, Sprouts, Heinen's, Stop & Shop Supermarket Company, Giant Food of Landover, Md. and several other stores. Some of those retailers used Sunland ingredients in items they prepared and packaged themselves.
The FDA has listed product names in alphabetical order on their website at http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodSafety/CORENetwork/ucm320413.htm.
The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said there are now 30 salmonella illnesses in 19 states that can be traced to the Trader Joe's peanut butter. No other foods have been linked to the illnesses, but Sunland recalled other products manufactured on the same equipment as the Trader Joe's product.
Some of the brand names included in the recall are Target's Archer Farms, Safeway's Open Nature, Earth Balance, Fresh & Easy, Late July, Heinen's, Joseph's, Natural Value, Naturally More, Peanut Power Butter, Serious Food, Snaclite Power, Sprouts Farmers Market, Sprouts, Sunland and Dogsbutter.
Sunland's recall includes 10
You might think that all overweight kids eat more calories than thinner kids, but according to a new study, you'd be wrong.
Younger children who are overweight do consume more calories than their thinner peers, but older overweight kids may actually eat fewer calories than their healthy-weight counterparts.
"The message for society and parents is: Don't assume that a child who's overweight is overeating. Obesity isn't just a simple matter of eating more," said study author Asheley Cockrell Skinner, an assistant professor of pediatrics at the University of North Carolina, in Chapel Hill. "Be sympathetic. Overweight children reported eating fewer calories, and to lose weight, these kids have to eat even less. It's probably even harder for them to lose weight than we give them credit for."
The study included dietary information from nearly 13,000 children between the ages of 1 and 17. The information came from U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which was conducted from 2001 to 2008. The population included in this study is representative of the U.S. population.
The food-consumption data was collected on two separate days. Children and their parents were asked to recall what the child had eaten in the last 24 hours and how much they ate of any particular food. The researchers had a number of representative measuring devices to try to get the best approximation of portion size that they could.
In the younger kids researchers found that obese and overweight children did in fact eat more calories. For example, in 3- to 5-year-olds, overweight girls consumed an average of 1,721 calories a day compared to 1,578 calories a day for their healthy weight peers. In boys of the same age, the overweight group consumed 1,809 calories a day vs. 1,668 calories a day for the normal-weight children.
But the older obese and overweight children actually ate fewer calories than the thinner kids. Between the ages of 12 and 14
Everyone knows by now that smoking is bad for your health, but there are people who will still argue that second-hand tobacco smoke isn't harmful to those to have to inhale it. If you're an adult you can choose to leave a smoky environment. However, if you're a child you're pretty much at the mercy of the smoking adults in the household. If you're a child with the flu, all that smoke could be making you even sicker.
Children who have been hospitalized with the flu, and come from homes where they've been exposed to second-hand smoke, are more likely to need intensive care and a longer stay before they are released according to a small new study published in The Journal of Pediatrics.
Researchers analyzed more 100 children hospitalized with flu in the state of New York. They found that those exposed to second-hand smoke were five times more likely to be admitted to the intensive care unit and required a 70 percent longer stay in the hospital, compared to the kids not exposed to smoke.
"People are being a bit complacent and thinking that because they don't see smoking as often that it's not a problem anymore," said Dr. Karen Wilson, of Children's Hospital Colorado, in Aurora, who led the study. "But we still need to be vigilant about protecting kids from second-hand smoke."
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says that passive smoking can have a huge impact on children. According to the CDC, second-hand smoke causes ear infections, breathing problems, and lung infections in children and leads to hospitalization of up to 15,000 kids-under the age of 18 months-every year.
The study is the first of its kind to look at the effect of second-hand smoke on kids with influenza.
Wilson and her team looked at hospital records for 117 kids admitted for influenza to a New York hospital between 2002 and 2009.
Second-hand smoke exposure was reported on the charts of 40 percent of the kids - slightly lowe
My grandmother, mother and sister all swore that cranberry juice helped prevent bladder infections. Looks like my maternal side of the family may have been right about the preventative powers of the mighty little cranberry.
Researchers have found that cranberry juice made with high concentrations of proanthocyanidins (PACs) cut kids' risk of repeat urinary tract infections by two-thirds, versus a comparison juice.
Before you run out to the grocery store and buy a bottle of cranberry juice, the ones that were used in the study were not of the supermarket garden variety. The juice used for the study contained high levels of the key ingredient, proanthocyanidins. PACs are believed to be the compound that gives cranberries their bacteria fighting preventative punch.
Many of the juices found on grocery shelves are packed with sugar and mixed with other juices. The PACs levels are more likely to be lower.
Researchers at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada, enlisted 40 children who had at least 2 urinary tract infections (UTI) in the past year. They randomly assigned the kids to drink one of two juices made for the study: a cranberry juice rich in PACs or a juice free of all "cranberry products."
Over the next year, kids who drank the cranberry juice with high PACs had UTIs at a rate of 0.4 per child, compared with 1.15 in the comparison group.
The power of cranberries against UTIs "was initially regarded as an old wives' tale," said Dr. Hiep Nguyen of Boston Children's Hospital, who was not involved in the study.
But Nguyen said he now often recommends cranberry - either juice or supplements - when kids have recurrent UTIs.
"It can be a great alternative to prophylactic (preventive) antibiotics," Nguyen said.
UTIs are very common in children. By the time the child is 5 years old, about 8% of girls and about 1-2% of boys will have had at least one episode.
UTIs are caused when
Kids across the country are about to start the 2012-2013 school year. Emotions will range from pure excitement to apprehension as children either begin or continue their journey into the world of classrooms, teachers and homework. If your family hasn't begun the transition from summer vacation to school day routine it's not too late to start!
Creating a daily routine, before school starts, can help parents and kids work through any adjustments that need to be made before deadlines have to be met.
Begin by adjusting sleep times. Move bedtime back to an earlier time and set an alarm for waking up. Children and adults need a good night's rest to be able to think and perform at their best. Most kids between 5 and 12 get about 9.5 hours a night, but experts agree that most should be getting 10 or 11 hours each night. Teens need about 9.5 hours of sleep a night. Of course, sleep is an individual thing and some kids need more or less than others. You know your child best and can adjust accordingly.
During the summer months mealtimes can fluctuate a lot. Begin having meals together at times that will work with the school year schedule. Cut back on snacking throughout the day and experiment with quick and healthy meals. If your child will be taking their lunch to school, now is a good time to start planning what those lunches will be.
Discuss after-school activities and create a schedule of who will need to be where at a specific time. A calendar or chalkboard in the kitchen, with everyone's schedule, is great for keeping track of each day's events.
Another area where a summer routine may change during the school year is children's chores and responsibilities. Adjustments may need to be made depending on after school activities and homework. By starting the new routine now you can get your child's input on what they think they can handle - see how it goes - and make any changes you think will help make the transition a little easier.
My grandmother used to say a little honey was the best thing to stop a cough. A new study, published in the September issue of Pediatrics confirms what mothers and grandmothers have been saying for decades; a couple of teaspoons of honey soothes the throat, stops the coughing and helps you sleep better.
It's tough for parents to find an over-the-counter solution to treat colds and coughs. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) states that over-the-counter (OTC) cough and cold medicines don't work for children younger than 6 years and may pose risks. The FDA takes a similar stance.
In the new study, 270 children aged 1 to 5 with nighttime cough due to simple colds received one of three types of honey or a non-honey liquid of similar taste and consistency 30 minutes before bedtime. Parents completed questionnaires about their child's cough and sleep on the night before the study began and then again the night after their kids were treated.
Children received either 2 teaspoons of eucalyptus honey, citrus honey, Labiatae honey, or similar-tasting silan date extract 30 minutes before bed. All kids did better the second night of the study, including those given the date extract. But children who received honey coughed less frequently, less severely, and were less likely to lose sleep due to the cough when compared to those who didn't get honey.
The study was co-funded by the Honey Board of Israel.
Not only were the children able to sleep better, parents were able to sleep through the night as well. That's a huge relief especially for parents who have to be at the office or on the job site the next day.
Mild coughing isn't always a bad thing: it helps clear mucus from the airway. But an acute cough can be relentless - causing vomiting and gasping for air.
Honey can be part of a supportive care regimen for children with colds, says Alan Rosenbloom, MD. He is a pediatrician in private practice in Baldwin,
With 241 cases of West Nile virus and four related deaths reported so far this year, the United States is experiencing the biggest spike in the mosquito-borne illness since 2004, health officials report.
As of August 1, Texas has confirmed 111 human cases of West Nile and three deaths.
Mississippi and Oklahoma are also seeing earlier activity than usual. Overall, 42 states had detected West Nile virus infections in people, birds or mosquitoes as of July 31, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Wednesday.
"It is not clear why we are seeing more activity than in recent years," Dr. Marc Fischer, medical epidemiologist with agency's Arboviral Diseases Branch, said in a CDC news release. "Regardless of the reasons for the increase, people should be aware of the West Nile virus activity in their area and take action to protect themselves and their family."
Typically, the greatest risk for infection with West Nile virus occurs from June through September, with cases peaking in mid-August. But changes in the weather, the number of infected mosquitoes and human behavior can all influence when and where outbreaks of the virus occur, the CDC noted.
So what can you do to protect your family against the potentially deadly virus?
The CDC recommends:
Other suggestions include:
Once thought to be under control, Whooping Couch is on the rise. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said Thursday that nearly 18,000 cases have been reported so far. That's twice the number reported at this point last year. At this pace, the number for the entire year will be the highest since 1959, when 40,000 illnesses were reported.
Nine children have died, and health officials called on adults - especially pregnant women and those who spend time around children - to get a booster shot as soon as possible.
"My biggest concern is for the babies. They're the ones who get hit the hardest," said Mary Selecky, chief of the health department in Washington, one of the states with the biggest outbreaks. Washington and Wisconsin have reported more than 3,000 cases each, and high numbers have been seen in a number of other states, including New York, Minnesota and Arizona. Texas is also reporting a higher number of cases than normal.
Health investigators are trying to figure out what's going on, and theories include better detection and reporting of cases, some sort of evolution in the bacteria that cause the illness, or shortcomings in the vaccine.
The vaccine that had been given to young children for decades was replaced in the late 1990s following concerns about rashes, fevers and other side effects. While the new version is considered safer, it is possible it isn't as effective long term, said Dr. Anne Schuchat, who oversees the CDC's immunization and respiratory disease programs.
Whooping cough, or pertussis, is a highly contagious disease that can strike people of any age but is most dangerous to children. Its name comes from the sound children make as they gasp for breath.
Experts believe whooping cough occurs in cycles and peaks every three to five years. But they have been startled to see peaks this high. Vaccinations are supposed to tamp down the amount of infection in the population and make the val